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2004 Documento de Trabajo #199

Spatial Peak-load Pricing

This article extends the traditional electricity peak-load pricing model to include transmission costs. In the context of a two-node, two-technology electric power system, where suppliers face inelastic demand, we show that when the marginal plant is located at the energy-importing center, generators located away from that center should pay the marginal capacity transmission cost; otherwise, consumers should bear this cost through capacity payments. Since electric power transmission is a natural monopoly, marginal-cost pricing does not fully cover costs. We propose distributing the revenue deficit among users in proportion to the surplus they derive from the service priced at marginal cost.

JEL Classification: L94, L51.

M. Soledad Arellano
Pablo Serra

Keywords: Electricity, peak-load pricing., transmission